SESSION 4, CO2 to fuels
Many aspects of CO2 chemistry, related to energy chemicals and energy vectors, will be covered in this session.
The methanol economy is a suggested future economy in which methanol replaces fossil fuels as a means of energy storage, fuel and raw material for synthetic hydrocarbons and their products. It offers an alternative to the proposed hydrogen economy or ethanol economy. Since the 1990s Nobel prize winner George A. Olah started to advocate the methanol economy and in 2006 he and two co-authors (G.K. Surya Prakash and Alain Goeppert) published a book around this topic. In these publications, they summarize the start of our fossil fuel and alternative energy sources, their availability and limitations before suggesting a new approach in the so called methanol economy.
The use of CO2, which is one of the lowest forms of energy for C, in the formation of methanol or ethanol and other products, is really a challenging subject of the next decades. This subject will be covered by Michel Aresta.
The use of CO2 for hydrogen storage by means of formic acid is also a very challenging aspect of the subject treated by M. Beller. This corresponds also to the field of Hydrogen economy.