Report and analysis of the United Nations’ Climate Summit (New York Sept 23rd, 2014)
Climate negotiations have been lasting for twenty years under the umbrella of the UNFCCC and show small incremental progresses. The task today is to shape a successor to the Kyoto Protocol which ends in 2020 and under which only the developed countries are supposed to reduce their GHG emissions. But today most developed countries have more or less stabilized the volume of their emissions, though at very different levels, and it is the developing world that is steadily increasing its own emissions, notably the so called emerging economies, even getting close for some to the levels of per capita emissions of European countries. In the meantime, in spite of the commitment to keep the world climate under an elevation of temperature of 2°C at the end of the century, global emissions are raising to the extent that some forecast an elevation of 4°C or more. The state of the negotiation seems to indicate the international community doesn’t understand the seriousness of the situation or doesn’t know how to design an equitable low carbon path for all countries or again has chosen to focus on adaptation rather than mitigation. In order to boost the negotiation in view of the Paris conference next year, Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has convened a summit in New York on September 23rd.