Carbon Dioxide as Carbon Source for the Energetic and Chemical Value Chain: Challenges and Opportunities for Catalysis
The finite resources of fossil feedstock together with the increase in anthropogenic emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) are a major concern of global importance. The use of CO2 as carbon source offers the possibility to contribute to sustainable processes at the interface of the energy and chemical supply chains.
This presentation highlights some of the key scientific challenges associated with these concepts and demonstrates how catalysis research combining molecular and engineering sciences provides key contributions to this area. The general aspects and current trends in academia and industry  are illustrated with examples concerning the development, application, and mechanistic understanding of catalysts and catalytic systems for the selective conversions of CO2 [2-6]. This includes the use of CO2 as C1-building block for fuels and polymers, as well as chemicals and pharmaceuticals.